Frankfort Kentucky
Kentucky Core Academic Standards (June 2013) Codes
Standard Full Text
Minds Across Time Cards
Students identify and analyze systems and the ways their components work together or affect each other.
Family, Programming Languages
KY.6-8.2.14(Related: OH.8.SocialStudies.18)
Students understand the democratic principles of justice, equality, responsibility, and freedom and apply them to real-life situations.
Democratic Defense
KY.6-8.2.16(Related: OH.7.SocialStudies.16)
Students observe, analyze, and interpret human behaviors, social groupings, and institutions to better understand people and the relationships among individuals and among groups.
Conference, Contest, Empire, Forum, Government Buildings, Office, Social Change, Teams, Time of Peace, Universities, The World Wide Web
KY.6-8.2.17(Related: OH.7.SocialStudies.16)
Students interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many ethnic and cultural groups of our nation and world.
Multinational Conglomerate
KY.6-8.2.18(Related: OH.6.SocialStudies.12-16)
Students understand economic principles and are able to make economic decisions that have consequences in daily living.
Antitrust Act, Barter, Buy Out, Economy of Scale, Guerrilla Marketing, Inflation, Monopoly, Scarcity, Ships
KY.6-8.2.20(Related: OH.6.SocialStudies.1, OH.7.SocialStudies.2)
Students understand, analyze, and interpret historical events, conditions, trends, and issues to develop historical perspective.
Archimedes, The Colossus of Rhodes, Computers, Experience, Frederick Douglass, Grace Hopper, Leonardo DaVinci, Marie Curie, Movie Cameras, Osamu Tezuka, Qiu Jin, Sarah Breedlove (Madam C. J. Walker), The Statue of Liberty, Thomas Edison, World War, Youth Culture
KY.6-8.2.25(Related: OH.6.SocialStudies.8, OH.8.VisualArt.3PE, OH.8.VisualArt.4PE, OH.8.VisualArt.5PE)
In the products they make and the performances they present, students show that they understand how time, place, and society influence the arts and humanities such as languages, literature, and history.
Qiu Jin, Trojan Horse
KY.6-8.2.26(Related: OH.8.VisualArt.4PE)
Through the arts and humanities, students recognize that although people are different, they share some common experiences and attitudes.
Comic Books, Osamu Tezuka
Students demonstrate the knowledge and skills they need to remain physically healthy and to accept responsibility for their own physical well-being.
Human Powered, Manual Labor
Students demonstrate the skills to evaluate and use services and resources available in their community
Well Read
Students effectively use interpersonal skills.
Democratic Defense
KY.6-8.4.5(Related: OH.7.SocialStudies.16)
Students demonstrate an understanding of, appreciation for, and sensitivity to a multi-cultural and world view.
Archimedes, Frederick Douglass, Grace Hopper, Leonardo DaVinci, Marie Curie, Multinational Conglomerate, Osamu Tezuka, Qiu Jin, Sarah Breedlove (Madam C. J. Walker), Thomas Edison
KY.6-8.5.4(Related: OH.7.SocialStudies.19)
Students use a decision-making process to make informed decisions among options.
Apocalypse, City Walls, Conflict of Interest, Erlenmeyer Flasks, Factory Recall, Fire, Forge, Indoor Plumbing, Laboratory, Museum, Nature, Non Compete Clause, Patent, The Photosphere (of the Sun), Plastic Furniture, Recycling Station, Renewability, Research, Resolution, Sculptures, Stone, Storm, Video Games, Workshop, Writer’s Block
CC.8.R.F.SC.5(Related: OH.6-8.Language.4c)
Students will use print and electronic resources (general and specialized dictionaries, thesauruses, glossaries) to determine the definition, pronunciation, etymology, spelling, usage of words, multiple meanings of words, content-specific meanings of words, or meanings of derivational roots.
KY.6-8.W.WC.EU.4(Related: OH.6-8.Language.1, OH.6-8.Language.2)
Students will understand that writers need to use correct spelling, punctuation and capitalization.
KY.6-8.W.WC.SC.2(Related: OH.6-8.Writing.2d)
Students will use specialized content vocabulary and words used for specific contexts, as needed. [Game Designer’s Note: Although this is made clear in card-specific teacher’s tips, this standard applies to the use of technical terms with specific meaning in the context of Minds Across Time. E.g. “abilities”, “talents”, “turn” ...]
Write, read, and evaluate expressions in which letters stand for numbers.
Abundance of Copper Ores, Archimedes, Blockbuster, Carcinogens, Economy of Scale, Espionage, Exile, Fluorescent Lightbulbs, Incandescent Lightbulbs, Manual Labor, Marie Curie, Osamu Tezuka, Qiu Jin, Sarah Breedlove (Madam C. J. Walker), Time, Temperature, and Pressure, Thomas Edison
Understand the concept of a ratio and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. For example, “The ratio of wings to beaks in the bird house at the zoo was 2:1, because for every 2 wings there was 1 beak.” “For every vote candidate A received, candidate C received nearly three votes.”
Osamu Tezuka
Develop a probability model (which may not be uniform) by observing frequencies in data generated from a chance process. For example, find the approximate probability that a spinning penny will land heads up or that a tossed paper cup will land open-end down. Do the outcomes for the spinning penny appear to be equally likely based on the observed frequencies?
Find probabilities of compound events using organized lists, tables, tree diagrams, and simulation.
Tough Luck
Understand that a function is a rule that assigns to each input exactly one output. The graph of a function is the set of ordered pairs consisting of an input and the corresponding output.
Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally.
KY.06-ESS1-1(OH.7.ESS: The relative patterns of motion and positions of the Earth, moon and sun cause solar and lunar eclipses, tides and phases of the moon.)
Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons.
Summer, Winter
KY.06-LS2-3(OH.7.LS: Matter is transferred continuously between one organism to another and between organisms and their physical environments.)
Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem.
Transform Nutrients
KY.06-PS1-1(OH.6.PS: All matter is made up of small particles called atoms.)
Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.
Gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society
Aquariums, Celluloid Films, Crude Oil, Medical Grade Silicone, Silicone Rubber Molds
KY.07-LS1-6(OH.7.LS: Matter is transferred continuously between one organism to another and between organisms and their physical environments.)
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for the role of photosynthesis in the cycling of matter and flow of energy into and out of organisms.
Summer, Winter
KY.07-PS1-2(OH.8.PS: There are different types of potential energy.)
Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.
Cuprite, Sand
KY.07-PS3-5(OH.6.PS: There are two categories of energy: kinetic and potential.)
Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.
Kinetic Energy
KY.07-PS4-1(OH.7.ESS: Energy can be transferred through a variety of ways.)
Use mathematical representations to describe a simple model for waves that includes how the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy in a wave.
Energy Transfer
KY.07-PS4-2(OH.7.ESS: Energy can be transferred through a variety of ways.)
Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.
Solar Panels
KY.08-ESS3-1(OH.8.ESS: Earth’s crust consists of major and minor tectonic plates that move relative to each other.)
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.
Tectonic Shift
Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
Forest, Habitats
KY.08-ESS3-4(Related: OH.6.ESS: Rocks, minerals and soils have common and practical uses.)
Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.

Links to Standards Documents:

Common Core: